Journalism in the service of society

Harnessing the American Dollar: Nigeria’s economic strategy for global market engagement


Since Nigeria now has a free market value for its currency exchange, and the acting Governor of CBN, Folashodun Shonubi attributing the crash of the naira against the dollar and its inability to manage the foreign exchange market to the diversion of diaspora remittances to the unofficial markets like the parallel, let’s examine the global impact of the dollar.

The American dollar has long played a dominant role in the global economy, acting as a reserve currency and the medium of exchange for international trade. As one of the world’s largest economies, the United States wields significant influence over global financial markets, making it essential for other nations to develop effective strategies to engage with the American dollar. Nigeria, as Africa’s largest economy, holds enormous potential in this regard but requires strategic restructuring to maximize its benefits.

Understanding the American Dollar’s Economic Strategy:

The strength of the American dollar is rooted in several key factors. Firstly, the United States’ stable political system and macroeconomic policies have bolstered confidence in its currency. Secondly, the widespread acceptance of the American dollar facilitates efficient global trade, minimizing transaction costs and fostering trade liberalization. Lastly, the United States is home to advanced financial markets, providing avenues for investors seeking stable returns.

Nigeria’s Current Engagement:

Nigeria has made significant progress in its engagement with the global market. As Africa’s largest oil producer, its exports primarily rely on the American dollar. However, this narrow dependence has left Nigeria vulnerable to fluctuations in oil prices, limiting diversification and exposing the economy to external shocks.

Restructuring Nigeria’s Strategy:

To better take advantage of its engagement in the global market and the American dollar, Nigeria must focus on the following areas:

  1. Economic Diversification:

Nigeria should lessen its dependence on oil exports by diversifying its economy. Fostering sectors such as agriculture, manufacturing, and technology can ensure sustainable growth and reduce vulnerability to oil price shocks. Diversification will also open up a range of opportunities for international trade in various currencies.

  1. Strengthening Institutions:

Nigeria needs to enhance the transparency and efficiency of its financial and regulatory institutions. A robust legal and regulatory framework, coupled with effective governance, will instill trust in investors and increase foreign direct investment (FDI). Such measures enable Nigeria to attract capital, which can be channeled into productive sectors and further stimulate economic growth.

  1. Embrace Fintech Innovation: Nigeria’s growing fintech industry offers immense potential. Leveraging digital technology can enhance financial inclusion, improve payment systems, and reduce the informal economy. Encouraging fintech innovation will facilitate smoother transactions, bolstering Nigeria’s position in the global market.
  2. International Trade Partnerships:

Nigeria should actively pursue mutually beneficial trade partnerships with countries beyond its traditional oil buyers. Exploring new export markets will diversify revenue streams and reduce reliance on the American dollar. Strengthening ties with emerging economies, such as China, India, and Brazil, can provide access to wider markets and foster economic resilience.

  1. Currency Management:

To mitigate exchange rate volatility associated with the American dollar, Nigeria could consider a more flexible exchange rate policy. Gradual liberalization and market-based measures can help cushion the impact of external shocks and support a competitive export sector.


Nigeria possesses remarkable potential to benefit from its engagement with the American dollar and the global market. By adopting a comprehensive economic strategy, focusing on diversification, institutional strengthening, fintech innovation, trade partnerships, and prudent currency management, Nigeria can position itself as a thriving player in the global economy. Embracing these measures will help the nation grow and contribute to its long-term economic stability and prosperity.

King Wale AdeSanya is the National Chairman of the Nigerian and Canadian Business Network in Ottawa, Ontario, Canada. He can be reached at [email protected]

Comments are closed.

Naija Times